In this Mass, the bishop blesses separate oils for the sick (used in Anointing of the Sick), for catechumens (used in Baptism) and chrism (used in Baptism, but especially in Confirmation and Holy Orders, as well as in rites such as the dedication of an altar and a church).

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In the Catholic Church, on this day the private celebration of Mass is forbidden.

Thus, apart from the Chrism Mass for the blessing of the Holy Oils that the diocesan bishop may celebrate on the morning of Holy Thursday, but also on some other day close to Easter, the only Mass on this day is the evening Mass of the Lord's Supper, which inaugurates the period of three days, known as the Easter Triduum, that includes Good Friday (seen as beginning with the service of the preceding evening), Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday up to evening prayer on that day.

Among them The Chrism Mass, whose texts the Roman Missal now gives under Holy Thursday, but before the Paschal Triduum, which begins that evening, may be brought forward to one of these days, to facilitate participation by as many as possible of the clergy of the diocese together with the bishop.

This Mass was not included in editions of the Roman Missal before the time of Pope Pius XII.

Traditionally, Palm Sunday commemorates the Triumphal entry into Jerusalem, one of the few events described in all four canonical gospels.

As described in the accounts, Jesus's entry into Jerusalem was noted by the crowds present who shouted praises and waved palm branches.

The blessing ceremony includes the reading of a Gospel account of how Jesus rode into Jerusalem humbly on a donkey, reminiscent of a Davidic victory procession, and how people placed palms on the ground in front of him.

Immediately following this great time of celebration over the entrance of Jesus into Jerusalem, he begins his journey to the cross.

Holy Week in the Christian year is the week immediately before Easter.

The earliest allusion to the custom of marking this week as a whole with special observances is to be found in the Apostolical Constitutions (v.

The blessing is thus followed by a procession or solemn entrance into the church, with the participants holding the blessed branches in their hands.